Earlier students did not have many options to choose, But now there are two more streams diploma and vocational courses are introduced.
Simple you can choose either short or long term diploma courses. Diploma courses of varying field of study are available for students to choose from.
Many courses are quite off beat and offer specialization in a subject or discipline of study. It also useful for
- Certain individuals prefer to have an extra experience, pre-knowledge of preferred career path to gain an insight and obtaining certificate.
- Certain economically backward students and those who are not good at studies often prefer to have a career after 10th, the diploma courses become a supporting structure.
- This builds self confidence and a sense of independence amongst the students.
- Diploma courses after 10th are not necessarily meant to be full time; these can pursued on part time basis as well.
There are various specializations offered in Academic Institutions. These specializations are based on various academic disciplines. The benefit of these specializations is that one can pick one’s specialization as per one’s desire or one’s ability
Details of the Course
|Course Title||Diploma course in Computer Engineering|
|Entry Qualification||10th Pass /12th Pass or Fail|
|Course Duration||Three years -10th / Two years – 12th|
|Course structure||Semester system|
Diploma courses after 10th are available in various fields like mechanical, computer science, electronics, telecommunication, catering services, electrical, animation and multimedia, hotel management, nursing, textile industry and many more to name. You can opt any courses that you like the most. You should although complete your 10+2 schooling which will increase your changes for better career options.
Career after diploma
- After completing the diploma course one can pursue self employment based on their study experience
- One can also choose respective BE courses and can join directly to 2nd year after completing diploma course
- One can also select degree course as their higher study
Diploma vs Degree
Both degree and diploma are recognitions conferred to a person on the successful completion of an educational course. However, there are a lot of differences between the two and neither can be used in place of the other.
What is a degree?
What is a degree?
The duration of a degree course is usually 3 to 4 years and the emphasis is on academics. For example, B.Com (H) is a 3-year degree course that deals with subjects like accountancy, economics and business studies; B.Tech is a 4-year degree course that teaches subjects like physics, chemistry and maths, and includes the subject one plans to major in, an MBBS is a 5 and half year long degree that teaches the general aspects of medicine.
Who can confer a degree?
Only a university can confer a degree. To pursue higher education, only a degree from a UGC approved university is accepted. AICTE approved private institutes are affiliated to UGC approved universities. In case a person graduates from an AICTE approved private institute affiliated to a UGC approved university, he still gets the degree of the university.
The curriculum is designed in a way that it provides an overview of many subjects, other than the one the student may be interested in. For example, in an engineering degree course for Computer Science, the first year focuses on subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Electrical Engineering, Mechanics, and Engineering Drawing apart from languages like C and COBOL; subsequent years have subjects like Digital Electronics and Analog Electronics. Typically, there is one subject that you major in, called the specialization whereas other subjects are called electives.
After a degree course, you can go for higher education to better your skills or look for a job in your field.
What is a Diploma?
What is a Diploma?
A diploma course is a short term course (usually 1 to 2 years in duration) that focuses on training a person in a particular field.
Who can confer a diploma?
An institute, a polytechnic or even a university can offer a diploma course. There is no need for the institute or the university to be UGC or AICTE approved.
The course is designed in a way such that the person gets basic theoretical knowledge about the course, apart from the extensive practical training needed in the job industry. For this purpose, a lot of diploma courses have on-the-job training and apprenticeship and focus more on practical exams. For example, a diploma in Computers involves subjects centred on programming languages and computer hardware only.
After a diploma, you can either enroll in a bachelor degree course or look for jobs. after you complete your diploma course, you will be directly given admission to second year.
A person can enroll for a diploma course even after class 10. There are diploma courses that require the candidate to be an HSC pass-out. Diploma courses at the masters level require the candidate to have a graduate degree.
Degree Vs. Diploma
|A degree course is usually a 3 to 4 year long course conferred by a UGC recognized university, after the completion of a course. An institute cannot confer a degree.||A diploma is a short term course, lasting 1 or 2 years, and is not necessarily given by a university, but by an institute or a polytechnic as well.|
|Only a university can confer a degree. To pursue higher education, a degree from only a UGC approved university is accepted.||An institute, a polytechnic or even a university can offer a diploma course. There is no need for the institute or the university to be UGC or AICTE approved.|
|Typically, there is one subject that you major in, called the specialization whereas other subjects are called electives.||A diploma is a specific academic award usually awarded in professional/vocational courses.|
|According to industry professionals, a degree holder is preferred over a diploma holder in the same field.||The relative importance of a diploma, when compared to a degree course is less.|
|Degree programs give more in-depth knowledge and potentially start you at a higher level.||Diploma programs provide education within your given field and get you into the work force sooner.|
Best Diploma Courses after 10th and 12th
Choosing the right professional course to pursue is a task of utmost importance. Because, it is the course, the quality and scope of it, that decides the progress of the career of a student. If it is job oriented courses that you are interested in, Diploma courses can be of much help! These courses take less time to complete, and it is relatively easy to bag a decent paying job with the help of these Diploma courses. In this article, I’ve listed down some of the top Diploma courses. Go through the list, select the one that suits you the best.
1 Engineering Diploma courses
It’s market value is quite high! Diploma Engineers too are in much demand these days. After completing the course, one may easily bag a job in Core industries or other related industries with ease, depending on one’s aptitude. Also, working abroad is also a good option. Talking about Diploma Engineering courses, the best ones are of course the Core ones- Electrical, Civil and Mechanical Engineering. You may also go for other branches like- Computer, Aeronautical etc.
2 Marine field related Diploma courses
Marine related field is huge. There are variety of Diploma courses associated with this field. Some such courses are- Marine Technology Diploma, Marine Engineering Diploma, Sailor Diploma courses etc. The job involves one staying on a merchant navy ship for the duration of the journey. It is more like- 6-8 months on the ship and rest of the months on the land. But the pay sale is impressive, even for starters.
3 Diploma in Fire and safety technology
The biggest advantage of this course is that the job opportunities abroad, associated with this course, are immense! Lots of students have been able to find well paying jobs in Gulf countries after completing this course. These days, Governments around the World have made their safety policies stricter. They’ve made it mandatory for Factories to have Safety Officers to ensure safe working environment for workers. This has led to rise in demand for qualified safety technology professionals.
4 Diploma in Hotel Management
Many think that this is not a very promising choice. But this mind set is wrong! Hotel Management still holds lots of promise, let me tell you that fact. If you have a flair for hospitality and cooking, you can build a very good career after doing this course. It is all about the passion you have!
5 Diploma in animation and multimedia
If you have the right skills, this course can help you reach great heights! These Diploma courses have had a rise in their popularity thanks to many Animation professionals revealing their high salary and nature of work. But to make it big in this field, it is skills that matters the most! If you are serious about pursuing this course, make sure that you do it from a good institute that has been approved by the Government. Also, look for placement records, industry tie ups of the institute etc.
6 Diploma in Interior designing
There are many private institutes that offers this course. A bit of creativity is required to flourish in this field too! Make sure that you pursue this course from a reputed institute.
7 Diploma courses related to computers and programming
This is a big field. There are many Diploma courses associated with this field. Some of them are programming and coding related ones, while some others are about networking and hardware.
8 Nursing related Diploma courses
Apart from the regular B Sc and M Sc Nursing courses, there are other Diploma Nursing alternatives too! These courses are best suited for females. Opportunities to work abroad associated with this course are also much promising.
9 Air Hostess/Steward Diploma courses
The main attraction in the case of these courses is that the job associated with them is much promising. The pay scale, even for starters, is good. Many private institutes exist, offering air hostess courses. Make sure that you pursue it from a reputed, recognized one.
10 Diploma course to become gym instructor
This is a course that is not pursued by many. But it has got good job prospects. The main thing is that people these days have become more aware about health issues and benefits of exercising. That’s why the number of Gym goers has increased over these years!
11 Diploma Paramedical Courses
Paramedical courses are highly job oriented ones! These courses trains students and makes them skilled allied healthcare professionals! Paramedical courses are available in Degree, Diploma and Certificate formats!
There are many Government and private paramedical institutes across India, offering good Diploma paramedical courses. Some of the well known courses are –
Diploma in Medical Lab Technology
Diploma in Dialysis Technology
Diploma in Radiography
Diploma in X-Ray Technology
Diploma in Physiotherapy
Diploma in Speech Therapy
Diploma in Audiology and Speech Therapy
Diploma in Anesthesia Technology
Diploma in Optometry
Diploma in Ophthalmology
Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech
Diploma in Dental Hygienist
Diploma in Medical Record Technology
Diploma in Operation Theater Technology
Most of the Diploma paramedical courses can be pursued after completing 10+2 schooling from a recognized board. Some institutes are also known to accept 10th passed students (for specific courses). Allied healthcare professionals are in huge demand these days. Diploma paramedical courses caters to this demand.
12 Diploma in Architectural Assistantship
This course is related to the field of architecture. The minimum qualification required to pursue this course is to be 10th passed from a recognized board. The course is 3 years long. The course covers aspects related to architecture such as- planning, design, surveying, CAD (Computer Aided Drawing/Design), basics of Civil Engineering, construction technology, material science (raw materials used for construction), cost estimation, project management and legal aspects related to construction processes. After course completion, one may work under established and registered architects. One may even appear for AIIA exams held by the IIA (Indian Institute of Architects) and obtain a qualification that is equivalent to B.Arch. Degree!
13 Diploma in Business Management
Known as DBM, this course is a basic management education program. It focuses on the basics of management studies and organizational behavior. This Diploma program is not as detailed as its Degree (BBA, BMS etc) and PG (MBA & PGDM) counterparts. The course is 1 year long. 10+2 passed from a recognized board is the minimum educational qualification required to pursue this course. Some institutes are also known to accept 10th passed students. The program covers general management subjects like- HR management, finance management, organizational behavior, economics, communication skills, marketing and business laws.
14 Other Diploma Courses
Apart from the above mentioned courses, there also exist many other job oriented Diploma courses in India. Some such courses include –
Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication
Diploma in Acting and Anchoring
Diploma in Visual Communication
Diploma in VJ, RJ and Anchoring
Diploma in Photography
Diploma in Primary Education
Diploma in Elementary Education
Diploma in Yoga Education
Diploma in Fashion Technology
Diploma in Apparel Design
Diploma in Culinary Arts
Most of the above mentioned courses can be pursued after completing 10+2 from a recognized board. In cases of some courses, 10th passed is the minimum qualification required.
Vocational courses are an educational discipline that enables individual to acquire skills that are required for a particular trade. Vocational courses are traditionally non academic and are completely related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation. These courses are designed to impart application based study where theoretical aspects are not studied independently. Students after 10th standard can now opt for short and long term courses like diplomas and degrees. There is variety of courses available for students to choose from.
Vocational courses have diversified it providing a wider scope for students after 10th standard. Vocational Courses are offered by various institutes, colleges, schools and government aided institutions.
Vocational Course Topics
Vocational courses are offered in various fields including health care, creative fields like graphic and web designing, food technology and cosmetology. Vocational courses are also provided in skilled trades like automotive repair, plumbing, heating and air conditioning.
Popular vocational courses are as follows:
This course needs the passion to cook and serve, those students with such passion might opt for hospitality management field. Various colleges offers diploma in hotel management with specializations.
Diploma in graphic designing/web designing
Students with creativity and love for animation can do well in Graphic designing. This course is offered at various private institutes. Acting for film and television Students with interest and passion for acting and drama can take up diploma courses in art of film making. Institutes like Asian Academy of Film and Television offer diploma course in Acting for film and television.
Other diploma in vocational courses offered are:
- Electrical engineering
- Computer science
- Fashion designing
- Electrical engineering
- Event management
- International trade management
- Lifestyle products
- English Communication & Presentation skills
- Beauty care
- Catering management
- Computerized accounting and financial decision making
- Food preservation/ production and many others
List of Certificate courses in vocational courses are:
- Industrial training
- Beauty culture
- Hair Design
- Leather craft
- Advertising design
- Clinical Nutrition
- Hand-loom weaving
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Office Management
- Corporate Communications
Benefits of studying vocational courses
- Vocational course provides knowledge of the subjects as well as vocational skills.
- Vocational courses focus on specialised practical skills.
- These courses offer insight to requirements of particular types of jobs.
- Vocational courses provide specialised learning which is an added advantage.
- There are diversified courses to provide skilled manpower in the organised sector.
Colleges in India that offer vocational courses:
- Mangalmay Institute Of Management and Technology, UP
- Jagan Nath University, Haryana
- City Group of Colleges, UP
- Institute of Technology And Management (ITM), Dehradun
- The ICFAI University, Dehradun
- Vivekanand Institute of Hotel & Tourism Management, Gujarat
- B. R. Ambedkar Govt. Polytechnic Chamber of Commerce Manali
- Ramakrishna Polytechnic College, TN R.C.
- Institute of Technology, New Delhi
- Rajeev Gandhi Ayurved College, Andhra Pradesh
- AECS Pavan Industrial Training Institute, Kolar
- Jagadguru Sree Renukacharya Vidya Peeta, Karnataka
- Agarpara College, Orissa
- Abdul Kalam Institute of Technological Sciences Academy for Aeronautics and Computer Science
Note: This all above mentioned is a general information taken from various sources and educational websites.