Medical Branches & Scope

The increasingly complicated lifestyles are giving birth to a variety of ailments, which have made it impossible for General Physicians with an MBBS degree to handle all ailments. It is here that specialization in a particular branch of medicine becomes a necessity

 

The major Specializations include:
 General Medicine  Ophthalmology
 General Surgery  Orthopedics
 Pediatrics  ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
 Obstetrics & Gynecology  Psychiatry
 Dermatology  Anesthesiology

 

There are also Super Specializations which require a further 3-5 years of study in areas such as:
 Plastic Surgery  Paediatric Surgery
 Neurosurgery  Gastroenterology
 Cardio-thoracic surgery  Endocrinology
 Conito-urinary surgery  Clinical Hematology

 

There are also Super Specializations which require a further 3-5 years of study in areas such as:
General Practitioner or Physician: He diagnosis and treats the every day and sundry ailments of the human body. MBBS holders practice as physicians.
General Surgeon: Is one who specializes in surgery for all organs of the body. He can further specialize in specific areas. Duties involve examining the patient to determine the extent and nature of injury, treatment through operation and giving post operative care. Surgery is of various types Orthopedic, Plastic, Neuro etc.
Anesthetist or Anesthesiologists: Administers anesthetics to a patient undergoing surgical operation according to the nature of operation. It is he who makes the surgical procedure as painless as possible. His duties involve examining the patient to determine his capacity to withstand shock of operation and anesthesia. He/she has huge responsibility and has to be present throughout the operation.
Bacteriologist: Also called Microbiologist. Conducts research and laboratory experiments on occurrence, growth, development, control and utilization of bacteria and other micro-organisms
Cardiologist: Also called as heart specialist. Treats diseases related to heart and circulatory system.
Chiropodist: Also called pedicurist, treats foot diseases and abnormalities. He treats corns, blisters etc using surgical instruments.
Craniologist: Study of skulls
Dermatologist: Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin problems
ENT Specialist: Treats disorders of ear, nose and throat
Eugenics: Study of improvement of human race by applying laws of heredity. It is related with future generations
Gynecologist-Obstetrician: Diagnosis and treats diseases and disorders of human female reproduction system. They care for pregnant women from conception through delivery
Gastroenterologist: Treats diseases related to liver, pancreas, stomach, intestine, bowels and gall bladder.
Hematology: Study of blood
Hepatology: It is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas as well as management of their disorders.
Immunology: Science which deals with the study of resistance of organisms against infection.
Kalology: Study of human beauty.
Nephrology: Study of kidneys
Neurologist: Diagnosis and treats diseases related to brain and nervous system. They also specialize in Neuro-surgery.
Nutritionist: Gives instructions regarding food values and utilization of foods in human body to keep it healthy and control diseases. He prescribes diet for various diseases
Obstetrics: Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy
Ophthalmologist or Eye Specialist: Treats diseases and disorders of eyes.
Orthopedist: Deals with diseases connected to skeletal system. Orthopedics is that branch of medicine that deals with the correction of deformities and prevention of disorders in joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, all bones and bony tissue.
Pathologist: Investigate the cause of various diseases and the possibilities for their prevention. His duties involve conducting chemical, microscopic and bacteriological test in labs and examining blood, tissues, urine etc. to find out the cause for disease.
Pediatrician: Treats newborn babies and children.
Physiologist: Studies normal functioning of different organs and tissues of human body and investigates effects of physical environments such as variations in altitude, speed, temperature etc on its vital functions.
Psychiatrist: Diagnoses and treats mental disorders.
Psychiatry has two major branches: The first is psychotherapy, the application of psychological techniques to the treatment of mental illnesses. This branch uses non-drug therapies and will not use physical techniques such as drugs or surgery. The second branch is psychiatry, where medical therapies are used. After diagnosing physical and behavioral symptoms, drugs and other means may be used for treatment
Radiologist: Diagnosis diseases and disorders by studying X-ray pictures of affected parts and gives treatment such as therapeutic radiation to affected parts of the body
Seismology: The study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the earth.
Toxicology: The study of poisons and the effects of poisoning.
Tuberculosis Specialist: Treats ailments due to infection by tubercular disease
Venereologist: Treats venereal or sexual disease.
Zoology: The study of animal & animal life.

 

Job Prospects: Doctors can find employment in Government or private Hospitals.
In Nursing homes/clinics/health departments.
In medical services of the army, navy and air force, under the Ministry of Defense.
In charitable institutions.
In medical colleges and training institutes as teachers.
In research institutes and medical colleges as researchers.
In the industrial sector
Private practice / self employment.

 

 

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